The Black Mysterious๐Ÿ‚๐Ÿ‚ Toro Negro Forest - Jan 2020 exploration


Selected Images from Exploration of the Toro Negro (Black Bull) Rainforest over 4,300 feet ๐Ÿธ๐Ÿ‚๐Ÿ˜ฒ๐Ÿ˜’๐Ÿณโ€๐ŸŒˆ๐Ÿ’‹๐Ÿฑโ€๐Ÿ‰

When created in 1935 as part of the Caribbean National Forest, the Toro Negro Forest Reserve was managed by the United States government, first via the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration of the Department of the Interior (1935โ€“1942) and later through the Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture (1942โ€“1970) blah blah...ย 

Then, in 1970, the Federal Government exchanged with the Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico the Toro Negro section of the Caribbean National Forest for some forested lands belonging to the Commonwealth and located adjacent to the much larger federal lands at Luquillo National Forest resulting in the creation at Luquillo of the current El Yunque National Forest. In 1970, the Government of Puerto Rico's Departmento de Recursos Naturales y Ambientales (DRNA) opened the Toro Negro Forest Reserve as a Commonwealth state forest and renamed it Bosque Estatal de Toro Negro (Toro Negro State Forest).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toro_Negro_State_Forest

The topography is accentuated by a large number of steep slopes and high waterfalls. Toro Negro subforests are catalogued on the basis of their elevation and content. From Cerro Maravilla, one of the tallest peaks in the forest, four of Puerto Rico's distinct forest types can be seen:ย 

  • Bosque Tabonuco,ย 
  • Bosque Micropholis Buchenavia,ย 
  • Bosque Sierra de Palmas, andย 
  • Bosque enano.
by Jessica Alba

Into the dark forest

The narrow road to Cerro de Puntas

The parking space for Cerro de Puntas at the PR 143ย 

Yagrumo leaves on the floor mark a tree above

Bikes and Jeeps also visit the remote regions

Inside the dark and humid forest

Views of the ground, sideways and to the top

The forest ground is our forensice map of all the trees and plants there. Below all belongs to the yagrumo - the orange stem is the cover of a new leaf

This below is basically a swamp plant

This is the Vaquiรฑa leaf - teas of this are known to dissolve kidney stones

Above we see a huge amount of fallen trees maybe from Maria and a lot of decomposition, below the Sierra Palm branches

Plants closeups

The yagrumo (center) and sierra palm share the land and sunlight very well

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Deforested peaks next to the park

Via a side road some views of the reserve

Above we see developed paths in the parks bottom and below at least three types of trees

Yunque Store -ย Raul Garcia and Gloria Mercedes

Image rights 2020 - Nikon D850 45 mp


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